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Nolwenn Jarno

Characterization of the vacuolar proteome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana and studies of its role in cadmium detoxification

Published on 1 December 2011
Thesis presented December 01, 2011

Abstract:
To better understand the mechanisms governing cellular traffic, transport process of substrates across the tonoplast, storage of various metabolites and their ultimate degradation, a comprehensive and thorough analysis of Arabidopsis thaliana vacuolar proteome was performed. Protein subcellular localization knowledge is an ​important step toward assigning functions of organelles and plant metabolism compartmentation. But confident description of proteome organelle content requires clear identification of the true resident proteins of the studied compartment. This task involves pitfalls and requires that either organelle preparations are free of contaminants or that techniques are used to discriminate between genuine organelle residents and contaminating proteins. To achieve this, vacuoles purification protocol from protoplas​ts on a Ficoll density gradient has been improved. The combination of several proteomic approaches attempt to present soluble and membrane vacuolar proteins in a quantitative and functional manner. Different approaches have thus shown associations and complex molecular mechanisms that govern the various vacuolar activities. The constitute proteins library provides references to study the vacuolar proteome dynamics in response to different stresses including heavy metals. Many methods without a priori or targeted were proposed to study the impact of cadmium on the vacuole, the key cell compartment of detoxification. Proteomics provides powerful tools for characterizing the protein contents of vacuoles during cadmium stress.

Keywords:
Vacuole, proteomics, mass spectrometry, cadmium, Arabidopsis, SRM

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